In 1897 Toshinobu authored a set of picture books entitled Nihon Gafu (i.e., Picture Album of Japan). One of the books in this set included fifteen pictures of flowers and (or) birds. These pictures are shown here. Click on a picture to enlarge it. At the time, these pictures were new and different in two ways. First, they were intaglio prints instead of traditional Japanese woodblock prints. Second, the shapes of objects were drawn much more accurately than in traditional Japanese printed art. Both intaglio printing and accurate depiction were two features of European art which the Japanese adopted in the late 1800s as part of an attempt to modernize (i.e., westernize) Japan.

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